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Falls are the biggest cause of accidents in the home and many can be prevented.
There are lots of simple things you can do to stay steady on your feet and reduce your risk of falling, including exercises to improve your balance, wearing the correct footwear to avoid a slip, annual eye tests to ensure your vision is at its best and clearing pathways.
View our self-care video on falls prevention
Watch our video on falls prevention and hear top tips from Rachel Morris, Falls Prevention Nurse and Stephen Pugh, Falls Physical Activity Co-ordinator to ensure you stay steady on your feet and reduce your risk of falling.
Top tips to reduce your risk of falls
- Wearing well fitted footwear with good support and an adjustable strap.
- Remeasure your feet, size and shape can change as you get older.
- Get your eyes tested every 12 months or if you notice a deterioration.
- Clean your glasses and make sure they don’t have any marks or smudges on them.
- Check the bottom of your walking stick, the plastic can get worn easily.
- If you’re on more than four medications a day your chance of falling may be increased, it’s important to have your medications reviewed every 12 months or if you have a change in your symptoms. Your GP or pharmacist can do this.
- Check for rugs, wires or anything loose in your home that you may trip over.
- Clean up any spillages so you don’t slip on them.
- Try to avoid reaching or bending down too low, have things you need frequently in reaching distance.
- Remove any clutter from your stairway.
- Make sure your home is well lit, especially at night.
- Being fit and active can help reduce your risk of falls, regular strength and balance exercises can help you with this.
- Avoid sitting for long periods of time.
- Walk with good posture and without your hands in your pockets so you can react to your surroundings.
- Your bone health is really important to help prevent falls. Having a healthy diet rich in calcium can help, and taking a vitamin D supplement in winter, or all year round if you are at risk.
- Your blood pressure can change from laying to standing. If you get dizzy, pause for a moment before moving. If it happens regularly you should see you GP.